Library Sources - Books
Library Sources - Scholarly Journals & Articles
1. Planning Ownership of Intellectual Property Rights in Web and Software Development
Regrettably, the United States is the most litigious society on the face of the earth. Even more regrettable, the fuel for the all-consuming (and expensive) fires of litigation, particularly in the area of intellectual property disputes over website and software development, is a failure of the parties to properly structure and plan for ownership of the website and software before they are created. In addition to expensive litigation, these failures can result in consequences not contemplated by one or more of the parties, particularly with regard to the ownership of the resulting product. The problem is compounded by the usual involvement of multiple individuals in the creation of the website and software. Therefore an understanding of the work-for-hire rules as well as what constitutes joint ownership is necessary, to avoid surprise and costly legal disputes as to the ownership of intellectual property rights in the work created
Citation: Apke, T. M., & Parry, R. O. (2007). Planning ownership of intellectual property rights in web and software development. Review of Business, 27(3), 8-15. Retrieved from http://nclive.org.ezproxy.nccu.edu/cgi-bin/nclsm?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.nccu.edu/docview/220955984?accountid=12713
2. Which countries protect intellectual property? The case of software piracy
Using data on software piracy, how protection of intellectual property varies across countries are examined. Consistent with other studies, it is found that intellectual property receives greater protection in developed economies; high-income countries have lower piracy rates. It is also found that protection depends on cultural factors. Countries with an individualist culture have lower piracy rates than do countries with a collectivist culture. Piracy rates are also lower in countries that have strong institutions that enforce contracts and protect property from expropriation. These results suggest that national policies toward intellectual property reflect not only economic concerns but also national culture and institutions.
Citation: Marron, D. B., & Steel, D. G. (2000). Which countries protect intellectual property? the case of software piracy. Economic Inquiry, 38(2), 159-174. Retrieved from http://nclive.org.ezproxy.nccu.edu/cgi-bin/nclsm?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.nccu.edu/docview/200888686?accountid=12713
3. Defending intellectual property: State efforts to protect creative works
This article examines state efforts to protect intellectual property. In particular, it assesses two alternative hypotheses relating to these efforts: the intellectual property protection argument, which predicts an increasing amount of law aimed at protecting intellectual property from unauthorized use; and the intellectual property access argument, which predicts little growth in law aimed at protecting intellectual property but considerable growth in law aimed at providing access to it.
Citation: Luckenbill, D. F., & Miller, S. L. (1998). Defending intellectual property: State efforts to protect creative works. Justice Quarterly : JQ, 15(1), 93-120. Retrieved from http://nclive.org.ezproxy.nccu.edu/cgi-bin/nclsm?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.nccu.edu/docview/228157596?accountid=12713
Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual property rights are at the foundation of the software industry. The term refers to a range of intangible rights of ownership in an asset such as a software program. Each intellectual property “right” is itself an asset, a slice of the overall ownership pie. The law provides different methods for protecting these rights of ownership based on their type.
There are fundamentally four types of intellectual property rights relevant to software: patents, copyrights, trade secrets and trademarks. Each affords a different type of legal protection. Patents, copyrights and trade secrets can be used to protect the technology itself. Trademarks do not protect technology, but the names or symbols used to distinguish a product in the marketplace.