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Type 1 Diabetes & High Blood Pressure Pathfinder  

General information on Type 1 Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
Last Updated: Mar 31, 2016 URL: http://libguides.nccuslis.org/leontynelee Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Terminology

Glossary of High Blood Pressure Terms

Angina: chest pain

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors: one kind ofmedication used to treat high blood pressure by preventing the body from making the chemical angiotensin II. This chemical causes bloodvessels to narrow, which can raise blood pressureACE inhibitors allow the vessels to expand, which lowers blood pressure. These drugs are also used to treat congestive heart failure, to protect the kidneys in people with diabetes, and to treat people who have had a heart attack.

Atherosclerosis: the build-up of fatty deposits within the arteries, eventually may cause a blockage of blood flow or stiffening of the artery walls.

Balloon Angioplasty: a procedure in which a small balloon at the tip of the catheter (see cardiac catheterization) is inflated while in an artery to stretch a narrowed artery opening and allow for increase blood flow.

Beta-Blockers: one kind of medication used to treat high blood pressure, chest pain, and irregular heartbeat and to help protect a person from heart disease. Beta-blockers work by blocking the effects of adrenaline in various parts of the body. Beta-blockers relieve stress on the heart so that it requires less blood and oxygen. As a result, theheart doesn't have to work as hard and blood pressure is lowered.

Calcium Channel Blockers: one kind of high blood pressure drug that slows the movement of calcium into the cells of the heart and the walls of the arteries (blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the tissues). This relaxes the arteries and reduces the pressure in the blood vessels and makes it easier for the heart to pump blood.

Cardiac Catheterization: a procedure in which a catheter (a small flexible tube) is inserted into a large artery and guided to the coronary arteries in the heart to determine pressure and blood flow in the heart.

Carotid Artery: an artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain. They are located on both the right and left sides of the neck.

Carotid Endarterectomy: the surgical removal of plaque within the carotid artery.

http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/hypertension-glossary-terms

 

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Apple Cider Vinegar for High Blood Pressure

1. Apple Cider is good in maintaining the balance of Sodium in the body

Sodium is among the top monitored substances in our body. Although several researches have been suggesting that sodium doesn’t really affect our blood pressure like how we imagine it to be, it still pays to be very mindful about the amount of sodium we ingest because sodium contributes to the overall amount of water inside our body. Too much sodium would mean more water would be reabsorbed, which in effect raises the blood pressure.

The American Health Association suggests that we only have 1500 mg of Sodium in our body, that’s more or less ½ teaspoon of salt. Just in case you’re wondering how much food this is equivalent to, that’s two slices of pizza and 1 quarter pounder burger. If you are just beginning to adjust your diet, then apple cider vinegar combined with honey can help you in maintaining a good balance of sodium thanks to the potassium that these two power combination has.

2. It works better when you combine it with other ingredients

Like how we mentioned in number 1, apple cider vinegar works well with honey to balance your sodium level. It’s not a miracle substance that you should ingest alone, because it’s just vinegar. Even when it’s made from one of the healthiest food in the world, it doesn’t change that fact that it has went to some processes that in the effect degraded the nutrients that the original fruit has.

Apple Cider vinegar is best consumed as seasoning of your salads, an additional ingredient to your tonic, or your favorite sauces.

3. It is highly acidic, don’t drink it pure

Yes, it’s loaded with all the health benefits but that doesn’t mean that you should be binge drinking with Apple Cider Vinegar. Remember folks, it is still vinegar which means it’s acidic. Drinking it pure wouldn’t do you well, especially if you have them in excessive volumes. It can damage your throat, your gut and your intestines if you take it pure.

If you are to have a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar as a part of your daily regimen, you should mix it with water to tone down it’s acidity a bit.

4. Apple Cider can’t aid CERTAIN kinds of patients with High Blood Pressure

Most recently, a lot of people have been saying that Apple Cider isn’t really good in helping maintain a good blood pressure, but what not everybody knows is that our bodies, however similar they look like with each other have their very own special things that sets them apart, which is why Apple Cider is seen to be non-effective or dangerous among certain kinds of patients who have high blood pressure. Among these kinds of patients are those who have been having problems with their kidneys and other organs such as the stomach and the intestines.

Apple Cider Vinegar will only cause complications to those who have these diseases. Also, if a medication is in given to a patient, then it’s important to ask your health providers if you could safely drink them while you’re on Apple Cider therapy.

5. Apple Cider’s detoxifying abilities contribute to a healthy BP

We are all very familiar of the health benefits of the Apple Cider Vinegar especially its detoxifying ability. Apple Cider vinegar can boost our body’s immune system by neutralizing those free radicals that cause damage to our cells. Being able to contribute to our overall health is something that we should look into more than just targeting one health problem that we have.

It’s yet known how the Apple Cider Vinegar is able to contribute a good amount of antioxidants but having it in your diet would be able to help your body a lot.

6. It can lower down your blood sugar levels

Apple Cider Vinegar has very a big reputation in lowering down our blood sugar levels. Sugar in the blood stream also contributes to the overall blood pressure. Which is why while you are busy keeping an eye on your blood glucose level, it’s very handy to use apple cider vinegar as an ingredient to your favorite food as well. Just be very careful that you don’t go overboard in lowering down your blood sugar levels, because that can be very dangerous especially in patients who have diabetes.

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Terminology

Diabetes Glossary

Antibodies

Antibodies are specialized proteins that are part of the immune system. They are created when an antigen (such as a virus or bacteria) is detected in the body. The antibodies bond with the specific antigen that triggered their production, and that action neutralizes the antigen, which is a threat to the body. Antibodies are created to fight off whatever has invaded the body. See also autoantibodies.

Antigens
An antigen is a foreign substance (such as a virus or bacteria) that invades the body. When the body detects it, it produces specific antibodies to fight off the antigen.
 
Autoantibodies
Autoantibodies are a group of antibodies that “go bad” and mistakenly attack and damage the body’s tissues and organs. In the case of type 1 diabetes, autoantibodies attack the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. 
 
Autoimmune disorder
If you have an autoimmune disorder (also called an autoimmune disease), your body’s immune system turns against itself and starts to attack its own tissues.
 
Basal secretion (basal insulin)
We all should have a small amount of insulin that’s constantly present in the blood; that is the basal secretion. People with type 1 diabetes must take a form of insulin that replicates the basal secretion throughout the day; that’s basal insulin.
 
Beta cells
Beta cells are located in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. They are responsible for making insulin.
 
 Blood glucose level
The blood glucose level is how much glucose is in your blood at a given time. This level is very important for people with diabetes, and they must monitor their blood glucose level throughout the day. If the blood glucose level is too high (hyperglycemia), that means that there isn’t enough insulin in the blood. If it’s too low (hypoglycemia), that means that there’s too much insulin.
 
Bolus secretion (bolus insulin)
After we eat, the pancreas releases the right amount of the hormone insulin to process the carbohydrates in the meal; that’s the bolus secretion. People with type 1 diabetes must take a form of insulin that replicates the bolus secretion; that’s bolus insulin.
 
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are one of the three main energy sources for the body (the others are fat and protein). Your body breaks down carbohydrates to get glucose, which then provides energy to the body.
 
Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is the full name for diabetes, but most people refer to it as just diabetes.
 
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
Diabetic ketoacidosis (abbreviated to DKA) is a very serious condition. It occurs when there is no insulin to help the body use glucose for energy. Glucose builds up in the blood, and the body turns to fat for energy. As the body breaks down the fat, ketones are released, and when too many of those build up in the blood, it makes the blood acidic. If you don’t get immediate treatment for DKA, it can lead to a coma or even death.
http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/diabetes/diabetes-glossary
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