Criminology is defined as the study of crime and criminals. The term 'Criminology' dates back to the 1880s, but there is debate as to who used it first: Italian Raffaele Garofolo or French anthropologist Paul Topinard. While the definition above is the most basic, there is much debate in the field of criminology in how to best define the term due to differences in method of study.
Brown, S. E. (2005). Criminology: Definition. In Encyclopedia of Criminology (Vol. 1, pp. 339-340). New York, NY: Routledge.
Criminology v. Criminal Justice
According to J. Mitchell Miller, the "issue of criminology as a social science stems from both its embeddedness in sociology and the erronous assumption that criminology and the complimentary field of criminal justice are synonymous."¹
The goal of Criminologists is "to understand the causes of criminal actions," whether they are biological, genetic, or social.²
Criminal Justice focuses on "the processes and institutions developed by a society to deal with, control, and mitigate criminal acts and their individual and social consequences..." ²
¹ Miller, J. M. (2005). Criminology as Social Science. In Encyclopedia of Criminology (Vol. 1, pp. 337-338). New York, NY: Routledge.
² Marenin, O. (2005). Criminology and Criminal Justice: A Comparison. In Encyclopedia of Criminology (Vol. 1, pp. 331-332). New York, NY: Routledge.
Oral History Of Criminology Project
The Oral History of Criminology is a growing collection of video interviews with professionals to record the evolution of criminology.
Welcome to our libguide. Our guide includes information on resources related to criminology in pop culture. We've seen all the terrible crimes displayed on television, movies, and even music- but have you ever wondered how it effects the audience's behavior? Browse through our libguide to find academic sources, websites, and research paper assistance. If you have any questions or if you notice any of the links aren't active, please don't hesitate to email.
History of Criminology
From a Professor
Video is from the University of Maine, Augusta, Criminology Department for first year criminology students, disucssing what criminology is.