Beauty and Cosmetics, 1550-1950
Publication Date: 2012-02-21
Exhibiting enormous power or inspiring incredible devotion, throughout history beauty has been women's chief asset. Each age has required its own standard - a gleaming white brow during the Renaissance, the black eyebrows considered charming in the early 18th century, or the thin lips thought desirable to the Victorians. For those naturally blessed, their beauty could ensure a good marriage, offer social mobility, fame or notoriety whereas those without such obvious gifts would resort to anyends to achieve an illusion of beauty. Ours is not the only age when beauty is celebrated but also judged and quantified. From the color of the ear to the transparency of the teeth the benchmark for every aspect of beauty has been set and women - and some men - have applied themselves wholeheartedly risking their lives using poisonous chemicals, their fortunes at the risk of blackmail, or the wrath of God, to reach the desired targets. From Queen Elizabeth I who used dangerous quantities of white lead to give her complexion the illusion of a youthful lustre, to Marilyn Monroe who blended 4 shades of lipstick to emphasise her perfect pout this book will examine some of the more unusual cosmetic practices contemplated in beauty's name.
Publication Date: 2011-09-14
The definition of a beautiful face has never been constant. See how political and social climates have moulded accepted beauty rituals and the evolution of cosmetics from ancient times through today. This colourful reference book chronicles historic trends for the eyes, lips, and face, and offers in-depth aesthetic reviews of each decade from the 1920s to today. Follow the rich history of facial trends through fascinating and bizarre vintage ads; detailed makeup application guides; and profiles of famous makeup innovators, connoisseurs, and iconic faces. Over 430 images, timelines, and detailed vintage colour palettes show the changing definitions of beauty and document makeup innovations (the first mascara, lipstick, eye shadow, etc.) that have evolved throughout the history of cosmetics. This is an ideal reference for the professional makeup artist, cosmetologist, educator, student, and general makeup enthusiasts.
Publication Date: 2006-05-01
Beginning in the 1940s, women's increased buying power allowed them the luxury of beautification, and beautify they did! Showcasing over 300 illustrated advertisements of the time, "Hello Gorgeous! looks at the products that became staples for generations of women, and set the standard for innovations in the industry. Everything from skin care to hair products, from razors to toothpaste were touted as the key to eternal youth and womanly appeal, and they're all here, from Camay to Prell to Lustre Crhme. The author's commentary explores the science, the stats, and the little-known secrets of the formative years of female beauty.
Hope in a Jar
Publication Date: 1998-05-01
The first social history of American beauty culture: a richly textured account of how women created the cosmetics industry and how cosmetics created the modern woman How did Powder and Paint, once scorned as immoral, become indispensable to millions of respectable women? How did a Victorian "kitchen physic", as homemade cosmetics were called, become a multi-billion-dollar industry? And how did men finally take over that rarest of institutions, a woman's business? Drawing on a wealth of archival sources, historian Kathy Peiss uncovers a vivid history in which women, far from being pawns and victims, used makeup to declare their freedom, identity, and sexual allure as they flocked to enter public life. She highlights the leading role of white and black women -- Helena Rubenstein and Annie Turnbo Malone, Elizabeth Arden and Madame C. J. Walker -- in shaping a unique industry that relied less on advertising than on women's customs of visiting ("Avon calling") and conversation. From New York's genteel enameling studios to Memphis's straightening parlors, Peiss depicts the beauty trades that thrived until the 1920s, when corporations run by men entered the lucrative field, creating a mass consumer culture that codified modern feminity. Rich with the voices and experiences of ordinary women, "Hope in a Jar" is a major work of American history and an important and engaging contribution to the study of women's lives.
For Appearance' Sake
Publication Date: 2001-03-30
Are people today any more or less interested in looks than those who lived 100, 200, or 2,000 years ago? "For Appearances' Sake" answers that question and more as the first reference work to examine all aspects of beauty, body ornamentation, and grooming. More than 300 entries tell the story, from ancient times to the present, of the products, practices, and people that make beauty a multi-billion dollar industry. Quite different from reference works that focus on the how-to aspects of beauty, this volume is innovative for its historical and global approach to how people care for their appearance. Additionally, this encyclopedia takes a look at many of the attitudes and beliefs about body and appearance that pose challenging questions to society.
The Face of the Century
Publication Date: 1995-09-15
"Decade by decade, The Face of the Century offers a lively and thoughtful discussion in text and pictures of the impact of beauty on society. It analyzes changing social attitudes toward makeup, seen through the varied windows of Hollywood, fashion photography, art, music, theater, science, and advances in the cosmetics industry itself. The illustrations include high-style portraiture by photographers Beaton, Horst, Newton, and Testino, immortalizing such beauty icons as Mary Pickford, Catherine Deneuve, Josephine Baker, Twiggy, Elizabeth Taylor, and Nadja Auermann. Also included is and eclectic survey of advertisements for beauty products and accessories, from international magazines such as Vogue, Elle, Queen, Art, gout, beaute, and Harper's Bazaar."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
The Artifice of Beauty
Publication Date: 2005-05-01
Why did Egyptians wear so much makeup? Were the Vikings really unwashed barbarians? How did the fashionable Elizabethan deal with bathing, lice, and excessive facial hair? What happened underneath all that hairpowder and scented pomade in the 18th century? How did young women find out about the latest beauty products in the past? This fascinating and unique book traces the way in which we have adorned, perfumed, and presented ourselves from the earliest prehistoric evidence right through to the dawn of the multi-million dollar cosmetics industry. We discover what the perfumes found in Tutankhamen's tomb would have smelt like, what made the medieval woman so synonymous with "the lily and the rose," and where the most fashionable place was for a woman to buy perfume in the 18th century. In the 16th and 17th century the devil reputedly carried a looking glass, and the most expensive cosmetics could kill. A century later, Beau Brummel recommended the scent of freshly aired linen as an appropriate perfume for a gentleman, and Napoleon himself doused himself in quantities of cologne. This richly illustrated book also includes a wide selection of modernized recipes for those wishing to experience some of the cosmetics or perfumes used by our ancestors.
Publication Date: 2004-10-05
A history of the clothing, gadgets, and other products that were designed to promote female beauty is a tour of such innovations as hoop skirts, cosmetic surgery, face cream, and more, in a volume that also discusses the contributions of social trends and technological innovation. Original.
Cosmetics, Fashions, and the Exploitation of Women
Publication Date: 1986-01-01
How big business plays on women's second-class status and social insecurities to market cosmetics and rake in profits. The introduction by Waters explains how the entry of millions of women into the workforce during and after World War II irreversibly changed U.S. society and laid the basis for a renewed rise of struggles for women's emancipation.“A lively and surprisingly timely historical lesson in the ever-raging controversy surrounding women, beauty, and oppression.”—Ms.Introduction by Mary-Alice Waters, photos, notes, index.
Publication Date: 2011-11-29
Throughout the history of the Western world, countless attempts have been made to define beauty in art and life, especially with regard to women's bodies and faces. Facing Beauty examines concepts of female beauty in terms of the ideal and the real, investigating paradigms of beauty as represented in art and literature and how beauty has been enhanced by cosmetics and hairstyles. This thought-provoking book discusses the shifting perceptions of female beauty, concentrating on the period from about 1540 to 1940. It begins with the Renaissance, when a renewed emphasis on the individual was reflected in the celebration of beauty in the portraits of the day. The fluid, sensual lines of the Baroque period initiated a shift toward a more "natural" look, giving way in the 18th century to a more stylized and artificial face, a mask of ideal beauty. By the late 19th century, commercial beauty preparations had become more readily available, leading to new technological developments within the beauty industry in the early 20th century. Beauty salons and the wider availability of cosmetics revolutionized the way women saw themselves. Ravishing images of some of the most beautiful women in history, both real and ideal, accompanied by illustrations from costume books, fashion plates, advertisements, caricatures, and cosmetics, bring the evolving story of beauty to life.