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Early Childhood Development: Keys to Success  

The early years from 0-5 are the most crutial times in a child's development. Understanding...
Last Updated: Nov 30, 2016 URL: Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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CDC - Center for Disease Control and Treatment

ECD - Early Child Development


Libraries Used

North Carolina Central University Shepard Library

San Bernardino County Library

Riverside City Library

County of Los Angeles Library


Subject Headings

CHILD Development -- Baby

CHILD Development -- Cognitive

CHILD Development -- Social

CHILD Development -- Social Skills

CHILD Development -- Toddler

CHILDREN Early Development


NUTRITION Breastfeed


NUTRITION Pre-school




This guide has been established as an evolving resource for parents and/or caregivers of children from the ages of zero to five years of age.  It may also prove to be a valuable resource to undergraduate students entering into the area of study of early childhood development. The guide offers resources in three distinct areas of early childhood development including Cognitive Development, Social Development and Nutrition. It is essential for parents/caregivers to have a firm understanding of these vital areas of development in early childhood to provide the best care possible and to ensure that these children achieve their full potential during these critical early years of life.   Also, this guide is designed to be an introduction to the topic of early childhood development and not a comprehensive resource regarding in depth research in this area of study.  



This guide serves as a resource of information in the area of Early Childhood Development of children between the ages of zero to five years of age.  It is during those first five years of life that over 90 percent of brain function develops.  Being well equipped to raise a child during those first five years of life can be the difference between raising a child that thrives and is successful in their future development and having a child that begins their school career on the back foot. Many children fail to reach their full potential or struggle in their academic careers due to a lack of parental understanding and actions taken during that short time period.  This guide attempts to prevent this from occurring with the complied resources explaining the three most essential developmental areas of focus for children zero to five.  Those areas of development are Cognitive, Social and Nutrition.  Each of these areas poses oversight by parents/caregivers to ensure that the child is properly developing. One of the ways that aids parents understanding early childhood development is through knowing where their child falls in meeting their developmental milestones

Cognitive Development in early childhood is rapid, the most rapid that it will ever be within the lifespan of a human.  This is the time that the brain begins to form connection that will set the foundation for future learning and development.  To put this into perspective this is the short open window to truly develop these areas of the brain because after the window closes on these various developmental “milestone” times it could be closed forever. The materials selected in this area of the guide were selected to bring a basic level of understanding to the areas of cognitive development without making the topic so complex that it would turn users away from using this guide.  Through the selection process of materials/resources for this area of development my primary goal was to locate a range of materials that would provide a clear overview of each of the areas of focus in early childhood development (Nutrition, Cognitive and Social Development).  It was also a primary goal to find resources that would be impactful for parents/caregivers, that would be enticing to read, and that would provide the insight and assistance into this topic without going into overly Intesa research that may denture them from proceeding to study this topic.

The research and resources offered in this guide were compiled to allow parents to gain the knowledge needed for their children to succeed.  Within the selection of books it is to be noted that these items are mainstream type materials that provide good contents but also that appeal to the masses. None of the materials selected are overly research heavy as it was thought that in order for parents to want to read more about their children’s development that the consideration of time and energy needed to be taken into consideration. The research studies and journal articles selected follow a similar model in which the selections made were of articles that provided overviews in the area of study.  These articles also were less theoretical and more concrete studies that provide definitive results that those with children can walkway from reading these articles gaining tangible knowledge to aid in their parenting skill set. Lastly there are several charts as well as a video embedded within the guide that provide very general overviews within their given categories about childhood development.  The video selected is a Harvard video that gives an overview of cognitive early child development and is helpful in understanding this area as an introduction.

                Following this introductory page I wanted to ensure that there were clear areas of importance that included vital resources to aid in the childhood development. The areas/pages in the guide that I created were in the area of cognitive, social and nutrition.  Cognitive development at this age processes at an extremely fast rate, the fastest that it will ever during the course of a humans life.  Included in this area are several books and journal articles that comprise this section.  All of these articles were selected to be informational pieces that would appeal to the audience of this guide.  Two of the items that I found to be vital pieces in these areas were a book titled Einstein Never Used Flash Cards as it depicted the need for there to be more than just book style teaching, a focus on creativity and an article entitles “Early Childhood Cognitive Development and Parental Cognitive Stimulation”. This article presented a very favorable approach to getting parents further involved in engaging and purposefully stimulating their young children. The same is to be said regarding the social development page of this guide.  Both sections present research in the subject that has been key in the development of this subject area.  These journal articles selected also were specifically selected for being fairly easy reads that did not entail much subject specific jargon but were overall results driven.  

                The final page of this guide illustrated the importance of nutrition in the development of young children.  The research articles included provided evidence of the need for good nutrition in early years while the books also had some research facts but focused more on the actual implementation of types of food and amounts.  I also included several cook type books that are useful for parents/caregivers who are not used to the “healthy” type cooking models.  It was impressive to see the research in this area and how vital nutrition really is in aiding these children in meeting their milestones in their development


Early Childhood Development - Harvard University

Harvard University. (2009). The Science of Early Childhood Development. Retrieved November 23, 2016, from
This video was selected as it provides a concise yet complete overview of the cognitive implications of early childhood development.

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Michael Jimenez
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