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David Livingstone was a Scottish missionary, abolitionist and physician known for his explorations of Africa. He crossed the continent during the mid-19th century.
Last Updated: Apr 14, 2015 URL: http://libguides.nccuslis.org/content.php?pid=657654 Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Sources: NC Live 

Biography.com

Dr. David Livingston 

Spouse: Mary Moffat (m. 1845–1862)

Children: Elizbeth, Agnes, Robert, William, Anna Mary and Thomas

Occupation: Explorer and Missionary to Africa

Education: London Missionary Society

Born: March 19, 1813, in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died: May 1, 1873, at Chief Chitambo's Village (formerly North Rhodesia), Zambia

Religion: Christian

Education: Studied medicine in Glasgow. Trained for a year with the London Missionary Society for a year. He completed his medical studies at various institutions in 1840 in London, England.
Occupation: Missionary

 

Who is David Livingston

This guide provides the life events of missionary-explorer Dr. David Livingstone who becomes the first European to cross Africa from East to West.

Throughout his life he accomplised many things.

 

Chronology of his life

Chronology of the Life and Times of David Livingstone

1813 
Livingstone born on March 19 in Blantyre, Scotland

1823 
Starts work in cotton mill

1838 
Accepted by London Missionary Society (LMS) for work in China

1839 
Start of Opium War (which lasts until 1842) makes China missions impracticable

1840 
Chance meeting with Robert Moffat in London persuades Livingstone to work in Africa; qualifies as doctor, ordained as minister, and sails for South Africa

1841 
Reaches Cape Town; travels to Moffat’s station in Kuruman

1845 
Marries Mary Moffat

FIRST JOURNEYS

1847–52 
Founds several mission stations, ending with Kolobeng

1849 
Trip to Lake Ngami with William Cotton Oswell earns him fame in Britain

1851 
Reaches upper Zambezi River for the first time

1852 
Mary takes children to England

1853–6 
Crosses southern Africa from coast to coast

1856 
Returns to England and receives a hero’s welcome—and the gold medal from the Royal Geographic Society

1857 
Publishes Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; leaves the LMS

ZAMBEZI EXPEDITION

1858 
Zambezi Expedition sets sail; initial objectives abandoned by the end of the year

1859 
Livingstone reaches Lake Nyasa

1862 
Mary joins her husband on the Zambezi and dies almost immediately

1863 
Zambezi Expedition and Universities Mission are recalled; Livingstone sails 2,500 miles to India to get a good price for his ship

1864 
Son, Robert, dies of wounds fighting for the Union in the American Civil War days before he turns 19.

1865 
Livingstone publishes Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambezi and its Tributaries

LAST JOURNEY

1866–73 
On his last journey, tries (unsuccessfully) to find the source of the Nile

1871 
Meets Henry M. Stanley

May 1873 
Dies near Lake Bangweulu (Zambia); African companions take his body to Bagamoyo on the coast, a nine-month journey, and then to England

1874 
Buried in Westminster Abbey; The Last Journals published

OTHER EVENTS

1815 
Napoleon defeated at Waterloo

Britain suppresses Boer uprising in Cape Town (South Africa)

1830 
Joseph Smith founds Mormon church

1833 
Britain passes Emancipation Act: all slaves in British colonies freed

1835 
P.T. Barnum begins career with exhibition of “George Washington’s nurse,” whom he says is 160 years old

1839 
First baseball game played in Cooperstown, N.Y.

1850 
14 percent of U.S. population (23 million) are slaves

1853 
Cecil Rhodes born

1858 
English explorers Richard Burton and John Speke discover Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria Nyanza

1859 
Darwin publishes Origin of Species

1861–65 
American Civil War

1869 
Suez Canal opened

Thousands of prospectors flood South Africa in search of gold and gems

1874 
British gain control of Gold Coast (Ghana)

Elizabeth Isichei is professor of religious studies at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

She is the author of The History of Christianity in Africa (SPCK and Eerdmans, 1995).

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Brittany Hunt
 

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