Highlights on LBJ
Born August 27, 1908, in Stonewall, Texas. He was named Lyndon Baines Johnson, and his grandfather declared he would grow up to be a United States Senator. At the age of four, Lyndon Johnson began running to the nearby one-room "Junction School" daily to play with his cousins at recess. His mother persuaded the teacher, Miss Kathryn Deadrich to take him as a pupil.
LBJ now fifteen, graduated from Johnson City High School on May 24, 1924. He decided to forego higher education despite pressure from his parents that he go to college. He moved to California with a few friends. In California he performed odd jobs, including one as an elevator operator. A year later he returned home and worked on a road construction gang. Borrowing $75, he enrolled in Southwest Texas State Teachers College at San Marcos, Texas-now Texas State University-San Marcos.
Lyndon Johnson- Congressman
In 1937, he resigned as Texas Director of the Youth National Administration to enter the special election for the 10th Congressional District after the death of Rep. James P. Buchanan. He was backed hundred percent by Roosevelt and he won the election on April 10, 1937. In Congress, Johnson worked hard for rural electrification, public housing, and eliminating government waste. He was appointed to the House Committee on Naval Affairs at the request of President Roosevelt.
LBJ's Boyhood Home
LBJ Political Career
His political career speak for itself. LBJ was a politician with impressive political resume.
LBJ's Tombstone. He died in his house on January 22, 1973 in Stonewall Texas. He died in his sleep of heart attack.
Who is LBJ?
Lyndon Baines Johnson, fondly referred to as "LBJ", was born in Stonewall Texas on August 27, 1908, in a small farmhouse on the Pedernales River. He was the oldest of five children born to Samuel Ealy Johnson Jr. and Rebekah Baines. In school Johnson was an awkward, talkative youth and was elected president of his 11th grade class. He was elected the 37th vice president and 36th president of the United States in 1960 and 1963 respectively. He served as both minority as well as majority leaders during the 8 years of the Eisenhower administration, and shaped legislation dealing with the Cold War, agriculture, labor and civil rights.
After John F. Kennedy's 1000 days in office, by twist of fate, Johnson who was the 37th Vice President became the 36th president on November 22, 1963, after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. During his administration, Johnson initiated the "Great Society" social service programs. He signed the Civil Rights Act bill into law, and bore the brunt of national opposition to his vast expansion of American involvement in the Vietnam War. Johnson died in Texas on January 22, 1973.
Lyndon B. Johnson struggled in school, but managed to graduate from Johnson City High School in 1924. At eighteen, he borrowed $75 and enrolled in Southwest Texas State Teachers College at San Marcos, Texas (now Texas State University) and participated in debates and campus politics. After graduating in August 1930, he briefly taught in schools for the underprivileged children, but his political ambitions had already taken shape. In 1931, Johnson won an appointment as legislative secretary to Texas Democratic Congressman Richard M. Kleberg, and relocated to Washington, D.C. He quickly built a network of congressmen, newspapermen, lobbyists and friends, including aides to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
In 1934, Lyndon B. Johnson met Claudia Alta Taylor, known to her friends as "Lady Bird." Claudia soon became Johnson's top aide. She used a modest inherence to bankroll LBJ's 1937 run for Congress. Claudia Alta Taylor later bought a radio station and then a television station, which made the Johnsons wealthy.
After the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, President Roosevelt helped Lyndon B. Johnson win a commission in the U.S. Naval Reserve as a lieutenant commander. Johnson served on a tour of the South Pacific and flew one combat mission. Soon after, he returned to his legislative duties in Washington, D.C.
In a close and controversial election, Lyndon B. Johnson was elected as a senator for Texas in 1948. He advanced quickly and, with his connections, became the youngest minority leader in Senate history in 1953. Democrats won control of the Senate the following year, and Johnson was elected majority leader. Johnson had an uncanny ability to gather information on his fellow legislators, and knew where each of his colleagues stood on political issues. With incredible persuasion skills and an imposing presence, he was able to "button-hole" political allies and opponents alike to convince them of his way of thinking. Subsequently, he was able to obtain passage of a number of measures during the Eisenhower administration.
By 1960, Lyndon B. Johnson had set his sights on the White House. However, he was overwhelmed by the young and energetic senator from Massachusetts, John F. Kennedy, who was nominated for president on the first ballot at the Democratic Convention. "JFK" saw "LJB" as a useful ally. John F. Kennedy realized that he could not be elected without the support of traditional Southern Democrats, most of whom had backed Johnson, he offered Johnson the vice presidency. Johnson delivered the South, and the JFK/LBJ ticket won the election against Republican candidate Richard Nixon.
Although Johnson was never comfortable in the role, as vice president, he headed the space program, oversaw negotiations on the nuclear test ban treaty, and worked to push through equal opportunity legislation for minorities. He also strongly supported Kennedy's decision to send American military advisors to South Vietnam to help fight off a communist insurgency. However, Johnson was never in Kennedy's inner circle and was frustrated by his lack of influence, particularly on legislative issues.
On November, 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Just a few hours later, Johnson was sworn in as the 36th president aboard Air Force One on its return to Washington, D.C. Over the next year, he endorsed the late president's programs and pushed through Congress a few of his own, including a tax cut and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 1964, Johnson ran for the presidency against conservative Republican Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. With public sentiment largely for Democrats and Goldwater's staunch conservatism, Johnson won the election and used his election mandate to wage war on poverty in the United States and communism in South East Asia.
In 1965, Johnson pushed a sweeping legislative agenda known as the "Great Society," which would become the most ambitious and far-reaching domestic program in the nation's history. With strong bipartisan support, lots of bills were passed that championed urban renewal, education, the arts, environmental beautification and conservation, and the development of depressed regions in the country. Great Society legislation also included the passage of the Medicare and Medicaid acts and the Voting Rights Act. In 1968, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act.
Richard Goodwin, Johnson's speech writer coined the term "Great Society" to describe "LBJ's" domestic policy. Johnson's campaign speech in Louisville, Kentucky in 1964 defines the essence of his "Great Society". Johnson understood that a society could not be great if it is defined by poor racial relations. To that end, he introduced two important Civil Rights Bills in 1964 and 1965 respectively. The 1964 bill was signed into law in July 2, banned racial discrimination in all public facilities- schools, hotels, restaurants, parks, swimming pools and hospitals, including interstate commerce, the workplace and housing. The Voting Rights Act guaanteed full voting rights for all citizens of all races. Although these were actualized in the presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson, President John F. Kennedy had proposed it in his Civil Rights speech of June 1, 1963. LBJ went on to say, "We are going to wipe out poverty in this region, in the rural mining areas, as well as in the cities of Kentucky (Zelizer, 2015, p.158).
With strong bipartisan support, a lot of bills were passed that championed urban renewal, education, the arts, environmental beautification and conservation. Great Society legislation also included the passage of the Medicare and Medicaid acts, public broadcasting, aid to education, arts, urban and rural development, Civil Rights Acts, the Voting Rights Act and his "War on Poverty". In 1968, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act. As President Johnson was able to achieve most of his programs, America's War in Vietnam marred his presidency. He inherited the war on assuming the presidency.The harm as well as financial casualties made the war very unpopular.
LBJ-The 36th President of the United States, has been described by historians in many ways as an environmentalist, a brilliant politician, a social reformist, and a hero of Civil Rights. He is on the other hand described as an arm twister, a man obsessed with his place in histoy, and a man most responsible for U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
Lincoln University's Library Para Professional
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|36th President of the United States|
November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969
|Vice President||None (1963–1965)
Hubert Humphrey (1965–1969)
|Preceded by||John F. Kennedy|
|Succeeded by||Richard Nixon|
|37th Vice President of the United States|
January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963
|President||John F. Kennedy|
|Preceded by||Richard Nixon|
|Succeeded by||Hubert Humphrey|
|Senate Majority Leader|
January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1961
|Preceded by||William F. Knowland|
|Succeeded by||Mike Mansfield|
|Senate Minority Leader|
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
|Preceded by||Styles Bridges|
|Succeeded by||William F. Knowland|
|Senate Majority Whip|
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953
|President||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Francis J. Myers|
|Succeeded by||Leverett Saltonstall|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1961
|Preceded by||W. Lee O'Daniel|
|Succeeded by||William A. Blakley|
April 10, 1937 – January 3, 1949
|Preceded by||James P. Buchanan|
|Succeeded by||Homer Thornberry|
|Born||Lyndon Baines Johnson
August 27, 1908
Stonewall, Texas, U.S.
|Died||January 22, 1973 (64 yrs)
near Stonewall, Texas
|Resting place||Johnson Family Cemetery
|Spouse(s)||Lady Bird Taylor|
|Children||Lynda Bird Johnson Robb
Luci Baines Johnson
|Alma mater||Texas State University|
|Religion||Disciples of Christ|
|Awards|| Silver Star
Presidential Medal of Freedom (Posthumous; 1980)